TMJ/TMD (Temporomandibular Joint) Disorders – Symptoms and Treatment

TMJ/TMD (Temporomandibular Joint) Disorders - Symptoms and Treatment

Temporomandibular Joint Disorder

Temporomandibular Joint Disorder is a situation which affects the movement of the jaw. The temporomandibular joint is also known as TMJ which is found in the front of the ear, where the jaw is directly connected with your skull. You can easily find these joint by opening and closing your mouth and touches with your finger. Basically, the problem happens with the TMJ and muscles that control the movement of the jaw is known as Temporomandibular Joint Disorder, TMJ syndrome or Temporomandibular disorders (TMD).

Temporomandibular disorders naturally are a multifactorial problem, but mostly happen from muscles and joints. TMD can arise due to over-excretion of the child. It is common and can result in pain, clicking or bolting jaw. It affects most of women as compared to men.

The Temporomandibular joint anatomy is a changed pivot sort of synovial joint made up of the condylar procedure of the mandible and the mandibular fossa of the fleeting bone. The muscles which change the position of the joint are called the muscles of mastication.

What Causes Temporomandibular Joint Disorder?

TMD is a most common disease which can also be treated at home. There are some Temporomandibular joint disorder causes which are mention below:

  1. Tightening or Crushing of Teeth
  2. Tension or Nervousness
  3. Pain Occur in Jaw
  4. Muscle Shrinkages
  5. Dislocation of Jaw
  6. Dental Issues
  7. Chewing Gum

What are the Symptoms of Temporomandibular Joint Disorder?

Signs or symptoms are the mental terms which you experience when you face such situation or disease. A point came when your body touches its edge. Symptoms show up when an individual limit is exceeded. Symptoms are directly linked to your physical and mental condition which we suffer day by day. Chronic disease may occur when symptoms will stay long term. Sometime symptom will send a trigger to over the edge.

Numerous symptoms can be linked to TMJ disorder. The most are:

  1. Headache
  2. Jaw Pain
  3. Jaw Fatigue
  4. Clicking sound in Jaw
  5. Stiffness of Neck
  6. Faintness
  7. Ringing in Your Ears
  8. Facing Difficulty in Opening Your Mouth
  9. Locking Jaw
  10. Tenderness around Jaw

Can Temporomandibular Joint Disorder be prevented?

Keeping up great tips is key feature to prevent from TMJ issues. Your dentist will demonstrate to your best practices to keep up better stance to counteract future scenes of TMD.

General tips or tmj exercises:

  1. Place any work you are concentrating on straightforwardly before you and not off to the side where you are compelled to look one way for extensive time period.
  2. Avoid Smoking.
  3. If you are using the phone for a long period of time, use a headphone that helps your neck or jaw to remain is a relaxation point.
  4. Don’t Eat Hard or Stringy Food.
  5. Keep Maintain Good Oral and Dental Health.
  6. Place your desktop monitor at a normal eye level which will help to your neck.
  7. Avoid Chewing Gum
  8. Don’t Open Your Jaw Too Wide
  9. Avoid to Sleep on Stomach


What Treatments are available to Get Relief from TMJ?

Treatment can take place from simple self-care and conservative dental treatments to injections and surgery. Treatment is based upon the condition of disorder. There are several treatments existing to control Temporomandibular Joint Disorder which includes medicine, dentist guidance, and physiotherapy.

The following are some home remedies which provide better relief:

  1. Use of ice or cold thing on the joint area.
  2. Take pain relief medications like Aspirin, Acetaminophen, and Naproxen.
  3. Avoid chew gum.
  4. Do massage or stretching exercise of your neck and jaw muscles.
  5. Use some energetic oils which give temporary relief from the pain. 

When these home remedies are not beneficial to relief from pain then lastly medical treatment is compulsory to cure TMJ, but sometimes these home therapies offer temporary or long term relief from pain.

How TMJ Disorders are Diagnose?

TMD is found most common, but they can be easily classified. The aim of dealing with temporomandibular disorders is to relieve from pain and jaw function properly. TMJ is generally diagnosed through an otolaryngologist.

The diagnosis process takes place by a doctor has the following steps:

Clinical Examination

  1. Passive Mouth Opening
  • Maximum mouth opening with a help of clinician with having pain.
  1. TMJ Palpation
  • All the steps should be asked by the patient about the pain he/she might suffer.
  • In the palpation process, the joint and muscles facing pain then it should take place in a resting state.
  • Palpation process does some pain and anxiety during condylar program which is described as clicking sound.
  • The sound which occurs when opening and closing of mouth is eliminated by transporting jaw into a prominent position.
  1. Computerized Mandibular Scan Test
  • Misalignment of jaws can be the root of TMDs. To trace this defect this process takes place.
  • The Computerized Mandibular Scan is an appliance which records in the 3D functioning movement of the jaw with an accuracy of a millimeter.

What are the Risk Factors for TMJ?

A risk factor improves your possibility of getting an injury. Most of the time a risk factor affects oral health which gives the wrong impact on your working.

Some are the most common risk factors which are given below:

  • Facial Trauma

A time came when your jaw or face bone suffers from any injury, TMD/TMJ may occur.

  • Dislocation of Teeth

If your teeth are not aligned properly then your jaw muscles will undergo an endless pain which affects your working condition. It may lead to Temporomandibular Joint Disorder.

  • Clenching

Due to overstress or tension, people clench or grind their teeth overnight which changed overall shape of teeth. It leads to TMJ.

  • Gender

According to research, women are triple times to have Temporomandibular Joint Disorder than men.

  • Synovitis

This is a situation in which membrane undergo swollen, leading to dislocation. 

  • Jaw Malformations

Most people are born with imperfections in their body include facial bone, which affects how their jaw function takes place.

  • Arthritis

Some arthritic situations take place which harms the cartilage lining of your jaw, changing how your joints sustain your body’s load.

  • Bad Attitude

Most of the time people facing bad attitude, while others have due to backbone misalignment. Temporomandibular Joint Disorder is common result for that situation.

To keep out from this problem and not take any mistake, Ekdantam Dental clinic will help you to get relief from TMD or TMJ related issues.


What is TMJ/TMD?
  1. TMJ (temporomandibular joint) and TMD (temporomandibular joint disorder) refer to conditions affecting the jaw joint and the muscles that control jaw movement. TMD can cause pain and discomfort in the jaw joint and surrounding muscles.

What are the common symptoms of TMJ/TMD?

Common symptoms of TMJ/TMD include jaw pain or tenderness, difficulty in chewing, aching facial pain, clicking or popping sounds when opening or closing the mouth, locking of the jaw, and headaches.

What are the causes of TMJ/TMD?

The causes of TMJ/TMD can vary and may include jaw injuries, arthritis, teeth grinding or clenching, stress, or problems with the alignment of the teeth or jaw.

Can TMJ/TMD be cured?

While there is no one-size-fits-all cure for TMJ/TMD, many people find relief from the symptoms through a combination of self-care practices, lifestyle modifications, and, in some cases, dental treatments or medical interventions.

What self-care practices can help manage TMJ/TMD?

Self-care practices to manage TMJ/TMD include eating soft foods, applying ice packs or moist heat to the jaw, avoiding extreme jaw movements, practicing stress-reduction techniques, and performing jaw exercises recommended by a healthcare professional.

Can stress worsen TMJ/TMD symptoms?

Yes, stress can contribute to the worsening of TMJ/TMD symptoms as it often leads to increased clenching or grinding of the teeth, which can strain the jaw muscles and exacerbate the condition.

Are there any specific treatments for TMJ/TMD?
  1. Treatment for TMJ/TMD may include the use of pain relievers, muscle relaxants, or anti-inflammatory drugs, physical therapy, the use of oral splints or mouth guards, counseling for stress management, and, in severe cases, surgery.

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